Kidney stones vary in size. The kidney stones might be small and pass unnoticed from the urinary tract, but they may also cause extreme pain upon exiting.
Kidney stone is a solid bit of material that forms inside a kidney when substances which are normally found in the urine become highly concentrated. A stone may remain in the kidney or travel on the urinary tract. Kidney stones vary in size. Kidney stones that remain within the body can lead to many conditions, including severe pain and ureter blockage that obstructs the path urine uses to leave your body.
The kidney stones might be small and pass unnoticed from the urinary tract, but they may also cause extreme pain upon exiting. The health of having kidney stones known as nephrolithiasis. Having stones at any location within the urinary tract is referred to as urolithiasis, and the term ureterolithiasis can be used to refer to stones located in the ureters. The most common kidney stones are composed of calcium oxalate, that is naturally present in the urine. Here are some causes and facts of kidney stones.
Kidney Stones Causes
Kidney stones usually have no definite, single cause, although several factors may improve your risk.
- Kidney stones form when there is a decrease in urine volume and/or an excessive amount of stone-forming substances in the urine. The most typical type of kidney stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate. About 75% of kidney stones are calcium stones. Other chemical substances that can form stones within the urinary tract include uric acid, magnesium ammonium phosphate, and also the amino acid cystine.
- Dehydration from reduced fluid intake or strenuous exercise without adequate fluid replacement boosts the risk of kidney stones. Obstruction towards the flow of urine may also lead to stone formation. In this regard, climate may be a risk factor for kidney stone development, since residents of hot and dry areas are more likely to become dehydrated and susceptible to stone formation.
- Kidney stones may also result from infection in the urinary tract; these are known as struvite or infection stones. Metabolic abnormalities, including inherited disorders of metabolism, can alter the composition of the urine while increasing an individual’s risk of stone formation.
Kidney Stone Facts
- A kidney stone is really a hard, crystalline mineral material formed inside the kidney or urinary tract.
- Nephrolithiasis may be the medical term for kidney stones.
- The signs of a kidney stone include flank pain and blood within the urine.
- Kidney stones form if you find a decrease in urine volume and/or an excessive amount of stone-forming substances in the urine.
- Dehydration is really a major risk factor for kidney stone formation.
Individuals with certain medical conditions, such as gout, and people who take certain medications or supplements are in risk for kidney stones.
- Dietary and hereditary factors are also related to stone formation.
- Proper diagnosis of kidney stones is best accomplished using a CT scan.
- Most kidney stones will go through the ureter to the bladder by themselves with time.
- Treatment includes pain control medications and, in some instances, medications to facilitate the passage of urine.