Kidney disease rarely shows any warning signs in the early stages. It must be at a relatively advanced stage before any of the below symptoms appear.
Kidney disease could be caused due to several factors. A change in kidney function is usually discovered through a routine blood or urine test. If you are diagnosed with kidney disease, your kidney function will be monitored with regular blood and urine tests, and treatment aims to keep any symptoms to a minimum.
At any stage of kidney disease, knowledge is power. Knowing the symptoms of kidney disease can help you get the treatment you need to feel your best. An early diagnosis of the condition can do a great deal in keeping it from progressing into life-threatening kidney failure. And this is where symptoms play an important part. But unfortunately, most kidney diseases do not exhibit any early symptoms, at least not until extensive damage is done.
One of the important functions which the kidneys do for the body, is getting rid of excess fluid. So, it is certain that an unhealthy kidney system becomes inefficient to remove this excess fluid, and allows it to get accumulated. This results in symptoms such as swelling in the legs, feet, face, hands and ankles.
Difficulty or pain during voiding (or passing urine)
Sometimes you may have difficulty or feel pressure or pain while voiding. This could indicate a urinary tract infection which may cause symptoms such as pain or burning during urination. A spread of the infection to your kidneys which may cause fever and pain in your back.
Fatigue is another common symptom. The reason it occurs is the kidneys’ inability to produce erythropoietin. When erythropoietin is not produced in appropriate quantity, it causes a dearth in the number of oxygen carrying red blood cells. This causes the brain and the muscles to suffer quick exhaustion thus, resulting in extreme fatigue. The low count of red blood cells may result in anemia, and this may cause the affected person to feel cold even in a warm weather. Not only this, anemia may further result in bouts of other problems, such as memory loss, trouble with concentration and dizziness.
Breathing Problems and Bad Breath
The extra fluid which the kidney is unable to get rid of, can get accumulated in the lungs. This may cause shortness of breath. This may also be caused due to anemia, which may leave the body to starve for enough oxygen.
Problems with Urination
Kidney function is closely tied to urine production. Abnormalities include urinating more or less frequently than normal, especially at night; experiencing pain or burning while urinating; seeing a decrease in the amount of urine; or having cloudy, foamy, or oddly colored urine.
Itching and Nausea
Kidney disease hinders the function of the organ to remove wastes from the bloodstream. This results in the accumulation of wastes, which becomes evident with the occurrence of severe itching or in some cases, skin rashes. This build up of wastes in the blood may also lead to nausea or vomiting.
It is common to hear patients complain against pain in the back, or side where the affected kidney is located. Some kidney diseases might result in the formation of cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys or the liver, and these trigger the pain.